All terrorist groups, all dictators, all so called populists from the start of recorded history have waged a war on those of us in the reading life. You can see this in Ancient Greece with the execution of Socrates, the burning of extensive writings in the Philippines in the 1500s as they were written in an unfamiliar to the Spanish script thus destroying for ever who knows what wisdom and history, to the greatest war on us of all, The Holocaust. First they burned the books, then millions of their readers.
“I love the poorly educated”. 45th USA president
“Whenever I hear the word ‘culture’ I reach for my gun” - Joseph Goebbels
Edward Garnett (1868 to 1837, London) was a highly regarded publisher, editor, critic who helped bring out the best in some of the highest regarded English language writers of the first half of the 20th century. Among his clients were Joseph Conrad, D. H. Lawrence, John Galsworthy, Stephen Crane, Ford Madox Ford, Henry Green and T. E. Lawrence. Garnett was much more than a literary editor to his clients, he was a friend and when needed a mentor. He was very involved in the early career of Joseph Conrad, he well might have given up trying to write in English without the encouragement of Edward Garnett. Smith devotes a lot of time to letting us get a strong feel for the business side of publishing. Edward Garnett had his own financial and personal struggles and Smith gives us a very sensitive account of his turbulent marriage to the famous translator of the Russians, Constance Garnett (1861 to 1946) and his relationship to his son David ( known in Bloomsbury Circles as “Bunny”, the nickname derives from a childhood stuffed animal.)
Both Edward and Constante had long term romances with others. We get a look at how Constance began her translations, I admit I was surprised to learn of her affairs. Her trips to Russia were fascinatingly treated. There was a lot more drama in the lives of the Garnetts than I expected.
He helped several American writers become established in England. Among them were Sarah Jewett, Robert Frost, and Sherwood Anderson. He seemed to have greatly admired Stephen Crane and did his best to help him professionally and personally. One of his most difficult clients was T. E. Lawrence, Edward Garnett was overwhelmed with the power of his The Seven Pillars of Wisdom.
Smith brings Edward Garnett, his clients, his affairs, his fatherhood, and his marriage vividly to life. An Uncommon Reader: A Life of Edward Garnett by Helen Smith will be a pleasure to read for anyone interested in 20th century English literature, as an art and as a business. I’m very glad I Read this book. There is a lot more in it than I have mentioned.
Helen Smith is British writer and scholar. She earned her PhD in literature from the University of East Anglia, where she is a lecturer in modern literature and the director of the master's program in biography and creative nonfiction. She has won the Biographers' Club Prize and the RSL Jerwood Award for Non-Fiction, and lives in South Norfolk with her husband. The Uncommon Reader is her first book.
I first read “Howl” by Alan Ginsberg (1926 to 1997) in I guess 1967. About once every decade since then I would be drawn to reread the poem. I wish I had a fifty year old book blog so I could see what I thought of it then. Shortly after publication in 1956 by Lawrence Ferlinghetti of City Light Books in San Francisco it was declared obscene by US Customs officials and local police. On October 3, 1957 it was declared by the courts not to be obscene. The poem contains extensive graphic images of homoerotic activity, in 1957 this was illegal throughout the USA. The poem celebrates the sex of the days before aids took the fun out of sexual cruising, blowing sailors is celebrated as a near holy act.
The poem is an intense assault on the structures of society. Partially I can see it as a descendent of two poems I recently posted upon “Darkness” by Lord Byron and “The Wasteland” by T. S. Eliot. In “Howl” the darkness sets us of on a polymorphism of sex. The wasteland where disposed aristocrats wax nostalgic over the glories of the best is replaced with a vision where the only glories are in glory holes. In “Howl” there is no crying over the fate of society, only a fight against the slave masters.
I recommend strongly the YouTube video I link to above, read by a woman with a perfect voice for it, your experience will be enhanced by the images.
“Howl” after fifty years still has the power to shock, I see as something that would still offend many, and those offended need to be.
Wikipedia has a good back ground article on Ginsberg.
I love “Howl”. It is for sure influenced heavily by Whitman, Ginsberg’s poetic icon.
Christina Rossetti (1830 to 1894, London) was born into a highly cultured
family. Her brother Dante, he painted numerous portraits of her, was one of the founders of the Pre-Raphalite movement. She is considered now one of The premier late Victoria poets. The Goblin Market (recitation time 26 minutes, I recommend the YouTube link in my post but I always suggest that you listen to more than one Reading) is her most famous poem. Rossetti put this forth as a children’s poem but it is much more than that. In my recent posts on poets, especially immortals, I’m largely just recording my impressions or reactions, there are serious lectures on YouTube and Home work Help seekers can just Go to Wikepedia.
Goblin Markets, set in an imaginary fairy tale like World, centers on two quiet Young sisters living my themdelves. One of the sisters buys, from Goblins, men with animal characteristics, fruit, paying with a lock of her golden hair. The fruit has a overpowring drug like impact on her, producing a state of euphoria. The other sister advises her to stay away from The Goblin men or a disaster may result. Of course it does not end here. The narrative plot is very exciting.
It is easy to give a sexually charged Reading to The poem, I accept The Logic of this Reading. Sex is a trap that destroys Young women. I was most struck by The beautiful use of rhyme, the images of the Goblin men, lushness of language. I listened to four readings, some have a scrolling text.
Died, and their bones were tombless as their flesh;
The meagre by the meagre were devour'd”
Lord Byron (1788 to 1824) is often called the first “Rock Star” poet, renowned for his life Style, his flamboyant dress and his very public romances as much as for his poetry. I was looking on YouTube for video productions of his work. First I listened to a Reading of his most still read work, “She Walks in Beauty Like the Night”. I like to listen to readings that include a scrolling text so I can read along, it also forces me to read more slowly. I think one should listen to several video readings of a poem, if possible, so you encounter with the work is not too shaded by the interpretation given to the work by the reader. After one of the readings of “She Walks in Beauty Like the Night” I was taken to a poem by Byron with which I was totally unfamiliar, “Darkness”. Having a run time of about six minutes I decided to listen to it also. I was completely shocked by the completely apocalyptic vision of a destroyed civilisation Byron presents. In comparison, “The Wasteland” is a Disney Land video, “The Second Coming” full of optimism. Death is everywhere in this vision of the end of the world. A bit of post read research informed me that in much of 1816 the sky over Europe was darker by a terrible volcano eruption in Indonesia. The darkness in Europe caused widespread panic as the cause was unknown at first. Preachers screamed it was the end of the world. Byron added to the panic with this poem. That being said, I think one should forget that as you experience this amazing poem, look into your own darkness.
If you are into video readings, I suggest you listen to at least four different readings, the poem brings out the drama in readers.
The Tattooist of Auschwitz by Heather Morris is a wonderful, must read edition to Holocaust literature. It tells the story of Lale Sokolov, in charge of tattooing serial numbers on the arms of new arrivals at the Auschwitz Concentration Camp in Poland. His official title was “tetovierer”.
The story begins in the opening months of World War II, Sokolov’s hometown in Slovenia. He is Jewish but initially he is not greatly concerned over the Nazis as his country allowed Germany to take over without a fight. He has a good job as a department store manager, is well educated speaking five languages including German, Russian, Polish and Yiddish. He has a comfortable life, living with his parents. His biggest hope is to find a woman to love all his life. The Germans issue an order for Jews to report for transportation to what they are lead to believe is a labour camp. He voluntarily reports, thinking it will safe- guard his family. Soon he is packed into a cattle car on a train headed for Auschwitz-Birkenau Concentration Camp. Morris does a wonderful job depicting the horrible transportation and arrival at the camp.
Through luck and his ability to speak the languages of the Germans and most of their captives, he becomes assistant to the man, also a Jewish inmate, in charge of placing number tattoos on the arms of the arriving inmates. He has been given a privileged job, working directly for the SS, with more food and better accommodations than the other inmates. He worries he will be seen as a collaborator but above all he wants to survive.
Soon the head Tattooist disappears, Solokov is made the tetovierer. He is given an SS minder, and an assistant. He tries not to hurt those the marks, being deeply ashamed of tattooing especially the women. He begins to give some extra rations to the friends he made in the camp. Morris reveals how he meets a woman in the camp, Gita, and falls in love with her. She and her camp friends work sorting through the things Camp inmates have brought with them. Solokov has made a kind of friendship with a Polish man who works day labour on building more facilities for the camp. He exchanges gems and money the women find for more food for his friends. He gets chocolate, a highly valued commodity, and gives it to the woman, an inmate, in charge of Gita’s barracks to get her more privileges. Morris makes this all very exciting.
Months then years go by, they find a way to consummate their love, Lela talks to her about their future outside the camp but Gita is afraid very much of getting her hopes up. Of course tragic things happen to those Morris has made us feel deeply for. We see how the inmates try to help each other to survive. The encounters with the notorious Doctor Mengele were chilling. I was so sad when I learned what happened to a good friend of Gita, forced into the role of mistress to the camp commandant. Morris lets us feel the joy when Lale and Gita are reunited, after his search through the Waste Land of his home country.
As I read the work I of course knew that Gita and Lale would survive, marry and have a long good life together, ultimately moving to Australia but it was super suspenseful waiting to see just what happened. The account of the closing of the camps and Lale’s search for Gita were very thrilling.
The Tattooist of Auschwitz by Helen Morris is a very moving book, showing the survival of humanity in a brutal place. I love this story.
Helen Morris spent four years getting to know Sokolov and learning his story.
Author autobiography from her Goodreads page
I am a Native of New Zealand now resident in Australia, working in a large public hospital in Melbourne. For several years I studied and wrote screenplays, one of which was optioned by an academy award winning Screenwriter in the U.S. In 2003, I was introduced to an elderly gentleman "who might just have a story worth telling". The day I met Lale Sokolov changed my life, as our friendship grew and he embarked on a journey of self scrutiny, entrusting the inner most details of his life during the Holocaust. I originally wrote Lale's story as a screenplay - which ranked high in international competitions - before reshaping it into my debut novel, The Tattooist of Auschwitz.
I strongly urge all libraries to acquire this book and anyone at all interested in the Holocaust to read this magnificent story.